Analysis of Vector-host SEIR-SEI Dengue Epidemiological Model

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Md Rifat Hasan, Aatef Hobiny, Ahmed Alshehri


Approximately worldwide 50 nations are still infected with the deadly dengue virus. This mosquito-borne illness spreads rapidly. Epidemiological models can provide fundamental recommendations for public health professionals, allowing them to analyze variables impacting disease prevention and control efforts. In this paper, we present a host-vector mathematical model that depicts the Dengue virus transmission dynamics utilizing a susceptible-exposed-infected-recovered (SEIR) model for the human interacting with a susceptible-exposed-infected (SEI) model for the mosquito. Using the Next Generation Technique, the basic reproduction number of the model is calculated. The local stability shows that if R0<1 the system is asymptotically stable and the disease dies out, otherwise unstable. The Lyapunov function is also used to evaluate the global stability of disease-free and endemic equilibrium points. To analyze the effect of the crucial aspects of the disease's transmission and to validate the analytical findings, numerical simulations of a variety of compartments have been constructed using MATLAB. The sensitivity analysis of the epidemic model is performed to establish the relative significance of the model parameters to disease transmission.

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